Menopause and Good Nutrition

Menopause and Good Nutrition
0 10 November 2017

J.Jayapriyanka(dietician),foods & nutrition

Menopause and Good Nutrition

Some risk factors and symptoms linked with aging and menopausecan’t be changed. But good nutrition can help prevent or ease certain conditions that may develop during and after menopause.

Basic Dietary Guidelines for Menopause

During menopause, eat a variety of foods to get all the nutrientsyou need. Since women’s diets are often low in iron and calcium, follow these guidelines:

  • Get enough calcium. Eat and drink two to four servings of dairy products and calcium-rich foods a day. Calcium is found in dairy products, fish with bones (such as sardines and canned salmon), broccoli, and legumes. Aim to get 1,200 milligrams per day.


  • Pump up your iron. Eat at least three servings of iron-rich foods a day. Iron is found in lean red meat, poultry, fish, eggs, leafy green vegetables, nuts, and enriched grain products. The recommended dietary allowance for iron in older women is 8 milligrams a day.


  • Get enough fiber. Help yourself to foods high in fiber, such as whole-grain breads, cereals, pasta, rice, fresh fruits, and vegetables. Most adult women should get about 21 grams of fiber a day.
  • Eat fruits and vegetables. Have at least 1 1/2 cups of fruit and 2 cups of vegetables each day
  • Read labels. Use the package label information to help yourself make the best choices for a healthy lifestyle.
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Cut back on high-fat foods.
  • Use sugar and salt in moderation. Too much sodium in the diet is linked to high blood pressure.

Avoid Foods During Menopause?

If you’re having hot flashes during menopause, you may find it helps to avoid certain “trigger” foods and drinks, like spicy foods, caffeine, and alcohol.

Supplements After Menopause

Because there is a direct relationship between the lack of estrogen after menopause and the development of osteoporosis, the following supplements, combined with a healthy diet, may help prevent the onset of this condition:

  • Calcium. If you think you need to take a supplement to get enough calcium, check with your doctor first. A 2012 study suggests that taking calcium supplements may raise the risk for heart attacks in some people — but the study showed that increasing calcium in the diet through food sources didn’t seem to raise the risk.
  • Vitamin D. Your body uses vitamin D to absorb calcium. People ages 51 to 70 should get 600 IU each day. Those over 70 should get 800 IU daily. More than 4,000 IU of vitamin D each day is not recommended, because it may harm the kidneys and weaken bones.
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